News Item Text: Pengertian, Ciri-Ciri, Struktur, Contoh

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Pengertian News Item Text

Jika kita artikan kata “news” mempunyai arti berita, dan news item text merupakan sebuah teks yang berisi informasi mengenai hal-hal kejadian atau peristiwa yang layak untuk diberitakan dan dianggap penting.

News item text merupakan salah satu jenis teks di dalam bahasa Inggris yang banyak digunakan bagi seseorang yang ingin mempelajari dunia jurnalis. Sebab news item text memberikan informasi suatu peristiwa dalam bentuk harian.

Tujuan News Item Text

Adapun tujuan dari news item text yakni memberikan informasi kepada para pembaca mengenai kejadian atau peristiwa sehari-hari yang tentunya layak dan penting untuk diberitakan. Sebagian besar informasi yang diberitakan merupakan kejadian terbaru.

Ciri-Ciri News Item Text

Berikut adalah ciri-ciri dari news item text yang perlu diketahui:

  1. Berita atau informasi singkat dijabarkan dalam bentuk headline.
  2. Fokus terhadap suatu kejadian.
  3. Disampaikan secara runtut.
  4. Menggunakan action verb.
  5. Menggunakan material process.
  6. Sebagian besar menggunakan saying verb.

Struktur News Item Text

  1. Main Event atau Newsworthy Event
    Bagian ini merupakan bagian utama yang berisi mengenai ringkasan dari suatu peristiwa atau kejadian penting yang sedang terjadi. Dengan kata lain bagian ini ditulis dalam bentuk ringkasan atau summary.
  2. Background Event atau Elaboration
    Di bagian ini adalah rincian dari latar belakang suatu kejadian atau peristiwa yang sedang terjadi, seperti siapa yang terlibat, di mana kejadian tersebut terjadi, dan kapan terjadinya peristiwa.
  3. Source
    Ini merupakan bagian akhir dari news item text yang menjadi sumber berita. Source dapat berupa pernyataan dari narasumber, pendapat ahli, komentar para saksi, hingga pernyataan dari pihak yang berhubungan dengan peristiwa.

Contoh News Item Text

Contoh 1

Indonesia Signs LoI with Switzerland on Vocational Education

Jakarta (JP) – Indonesia and Switzerland signed a letter of intent (LoI) for cooperation to strengthen Indonesia’s vocational education system. The cooperation will come under a dual education-and-training system.

Switzerland Ambassador to Indonesia Yvonne Baumann said the dual system would help students combine learning processes at school and in the workplace.

“Switzerland has consistently ranked among the world’s most competitive economies and has one of the lowest rates of youth unemployment in the world,” she said after the LoI signing with the Industry Ministry in Mojokerto, East Java, on Tuesday.

In addition to signing the LoI, the two parties are also seeking to assist a certain manufacturing sector and link it with vocational schools (SMK).

The embassy has stated that to enhance bilateral relations with Indonesia Switzerland has allocated 75 million Swiss Franc (US$74.36 million) for various development projects in the 2017-2020 periods. The funds will be allocated for private sector development, infrastructure, trade, and macroeconomics assistance.

Meanwhile, earlier on Tuesday, the Industry Ministry launched a demand-driven vocational program named “Link and Match” in Mojokerto to address the lack of skilled workers which has been a big problem that hampers the development of some industries until now. (The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Wed, March 1, 2017 | 01:20 pm)

Contoh 2

German Chancellor Warns of Drastic Increase in Covid-19 Infections Over The Winter

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has announced an array of new measures aimed at stopping a recent spike in novel coronavirus infections in the country.

At a press conference following a meeting with Germany’s state governors, Merkel announced that gatherings in public venues would be limited to no more than 50 people in areas with a large number of coronavirus infections.

“We know that a more difficult time is coming, fall and winter,” Merkel said as she justified the news restrictions which also include fines of at least 50 Euros for patrons in bars and restaurants who provide false contact data used by authorities for tracing.

Merkel also issued a strong warning saying that if the current trajectory of rising coronavirus infections continues unabated, Germany could see up to 19,200 new infections per day in in the winter months.

“This underscores the urgency to act,” Merkel added
(, Berlin | Sept 29, 2020 | 11.15 pm)

Contoh 3

Zimbabwe: Elephants Die From ‘Bacterial Disease’

Wildlife officials in Zimbabwe say they suspect a bacterial disease is responsible for the deaths of more than 30 elephants since late August.
The elephants were found lying on their stomachs, which experts say suggests they died suddenly.

Park officials do not believe they were the victims of poaching as their tusks had not been removed.

Earlier this year hundreds of elephants were found dead in Botswana from a type of bacterial poisoning.

Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority (ZPWMA) says about 34 elephants have been found so far. However it’s thought that there may be others which have not yet been found.

The animals were discovered in and around forests between Hwange National Park and Victoria Falls.

Post-mortem examinations of some of the elephants found they had inflamed livers and other organs.

ZPWMA Director-General Fulton Mangwanya said it is “unlikely that this disease alone will have any serious overall impact on the survival of the elephant population”.

“The north-west regions of Zimbabwe have an over-abundance of elephants and this outbreak of disease is probably a manifestation of that, particularly in the hot, dry season elephants are stressed by competition for water and food resources,” he said.

The findings come less than a week after wildlife officials in Botswana said toxins made by microscopic algae in water caused the unexplained deaths of hundreds of elephants there.

Officials say a total of 330 elephants are now known to have died from ingesting cyanobacteria.

Cyanobacteria are toxic bacteria which can occur naturally in standing water and sometimes grow into large blooms known as blue-green algae.
Scientists warn that climate change may be making these incidents – known as toxic blooms – more likely, because they favour warm water.

Zimbabwe and Botswana could be home to about half of Africa’s 400,000 elephants, according to experts.
(, UK| Sept 29, 2020 | 08.03 pm)